Closing a business is a serious decision that must be carefully considered, regardless of the reasons for its closure. If you have doubts about whether closing your business is the right decision, it may be best to let it rest. In order to let an existing active business rest, all invoices must be paid and contracts terminated. All agreements with customers must be terminated and the amounts due or due must be reconciled. Unpaid taxes and VAT must be paid at the same time as the final salary due, and appropriate procedures must be put in place with regard to the dismissal or dismissal of workers (including the closure of PAYE systems). Commercial bank accounts should also be closed. During this time, the Company is not allowed to generate transactions at all, otherwise you must submit full accounts to Companies House and settle any liabilities that such transactions may entail. A dormant company is only a standard limited liability company that does not act and has no accounting operations. There are two main situations where owning a dormant limited liability company can be useful for startups and small business owners. A dormant company must take care to avoid significant accounting transactions In the United Kingdom, a dormant company is a company whose transactions have been limited to the payment of shares acquired by the subscribers to the articles of association, the fees paid to the Registrar of Companies for a change of name, the re-registration of a company and the submission of annual returns and payments relating to civil penalties imposed by the Registrar of Companies for the submission of accounts to the Registrar after the expiry of the legal deadline for submission.  In addition to bank charges, earning interest on a bank account causes a company to lose its dormant status, as this too is considered an important accounting transaction – even if the amount of interest is only a few pence. If a dormant business has a bank account, it`s wise to take steps to make sure it doesn`t incur fees or earn interest. Better yet, to avoid “accidents,” ask yourself if the dormant company should have a bank account.
“. a company that is not active, is not subject to corporation tax or is not subject to corporation tax. “If dormant company status is lost due to a large accounting transaction, the company must file normal accounts. Build your dormant business online with Inform Direct`s simple step-by-step process that gives you everything you need – all for just £24. There is no need to inform Companies House that the company is trading again, as this is obvious when the next accounts are submitted and they will automatically change the status accordingly. “What is a dormant business?” can be asked with some scrutiny by small or micro-enterprises that would expect different dormancy effects than large organizations. If your business is inactive and considered “small,” you can file “dormant accounts” instead without having to attach an audit opinion to your accounts. This includes filing annual confirmation statements and dormant business accounts, reporting changes to your company`s data, updating legal records, and providing public access.
It is advisable to avoid opening a business bank account for a dormant business. If it has been negotiated before, it would be a good idea to close all existing commercial bank accounts to avoid bank fees or unexpected payments, both of which would lose your dormant business status. However, non-commercial companies are not always inactive. Companies that do not do business can still be involved in large transactions (for example. B pre-trade expenses) – if this is the case, even if they do not negotiate at all, they are not considered dormant. You will receive a letter to your head office address with your company`s deadlines to pay corporate tax and file corporate tax returns. You must keep accurate business and accounting records in order to complete these tax returns and calculate tax obligations. If your business has never traded before, it must be registered online for corporate income tax. You must create a Government Gateway account and provide the following legal information: A dormant company cannot engage in any type of trading activity or receive any form of income, including: Dormant business accounts are a simplified version of the full statutory accounts that most trading companies must submit to Companies House. Since the classification as a dormant company is that there are no significant transactions, it is not necessary to provide details on income and expenses. Instead, dormant small companies will be able to file an unaudited condensed bankruptcy with certain notes to the financial statements. If you ask, what is a dormant business? You should also ask why someone wants one, and the answer is usually the reduced registration requirements that come with it.
A dormant company may have reduced the filing requirements with HMRC and Companies House, but to get this benefit from the latter, the company must be considered small, which we will look at in more detail below. When a company is formed, the very first shareholders – often called underwriters – usually pay or agree to pay something for their shares. The company must take this into account. So if four new subscribers each paid £1.00 for a £1.00 share, the company would have paid-up capital of £4.00. This would be represented by an asset that is usually accounted for in cash in the hand of £4.00. Receiving this £4.00 would not be a significant accounting transaction and the status of a dormant company would not be compromised. If a business is considered both dormant and small in the eyes of Companies House, it will: When you use your dormant business to start trading for the first time, you must provide HMRC with specific information so that they can update their records: If your business has ceased operations and has no income from investments e.B, then it will be based on corporation tax, and if the following is true: one of the advantages of dormant company status is that it reduces the legal burden of a company. A private company classified as both “small” and “dormant” is only required to provide Companies House with an unaudited condensed balance sheet and certain mandatory debentures. There is no need to file an income statement or directors` report – although the company may still be required to prepare them for submission to shareholders.
For more information, see our guide titled “Types of Limited Liability Accounts.” If you wish to return to trading under the name of your dormant company, you must inform HMRC of your change in status from “dormant” to “active” within three months of trading. .